What is the pay like?
What departments does a major record label have and what can it benefit towards their artists?
What restrictions to major labels have with their artists?
The average Artist signed to a major record label earns as much as a worker at Wal-Mart. It is only the superstars whom make millions of dollars. Generally, an Artist whom sells 500,000 albums will earn around ,000. It is the Artists whom sell millions whom make millions. Keep in mind, major labels sign hundreds of Artists a year, yet only a handful of those Artists become superstars.
There are many departments that benefit the Artist. From the legal department, new media, art department, marketing and promotion, A&R… etc. All of these departments work towards developing an Artist.
As for restrictions, major labels hire Artists as independent contractors. This means Artists are work for hire. They are not hired to write the music they want to write, they are hired to write music that the label wants them to write. Kinda like an Artist whom is hired to make a billboard for a company. That Artist has to make the billboard the way the company wants it. Same goes with music Artists signed to a label. The Artist has restricted artistic control of the music they create for the label.